Friday, 7 January 2011

Future of India`s Defence


1. How many joint venture are already there in talk or in production between india and israel (only defense)?

In April 1997, the Israeli television reported that a MiG-29 fighter from an unnamed country was in Israel "to check the compatibility of various weapon systems."

June 1993, India had purchased $400 million worth of fire-control systems for installations in the license-produced Vijayanta tanks and artillery equipment and ammunition for its Soviet-made T-72 tanks.

March 93 - $50 million deal for Harpy drones

Nov 96 - Elta had won a $80 million tender to supply electronic warfare tools to India's MiG-21s
Indian air force had bought a sophisticated Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation (ACMI) system from Israel for developing air combat tactics. Described as the "first major defense purchase" from Israel, the ACMI was installed at the high security Tactics and Air Combat Development Establishment (TACDE), located at Jamnagar air base. It also reported that the navy had bought electronic support measure (ESM) sensors from Israel for installing in the solitary operational aircraft carrier INS Virat. Both navies are believed to be jointly developing ECM capability.

The Indian Navy awarded a $10 million contract to the IAI's Ramta Division and the state-owned Goa Shipyard to build two Dvora MK-II patrol boats for maritime surveillance, to be built in India.

The Israeli Super-Dvora Mk II fast attack craft, bought for the Indian Navy.

INDIA 3 yrs ago concluded a $20 million agreement with Israel Military Industries (IMI) for Tavor 21 5.56 mm standard assault rifles (AR) and Galil 7.62 mm sniper rifles in addition to varied night vision and laser range finding and targeting equipment as part of the heightened defence cooperation between New Delhi and Tel Aviv.

The contract for over 3,400 ARs and 175 to 200 sniper rifles was finalised by a "specially empowered" Ministry of Defence (MoD) committee, which visited Tel Aviv to upgrade the capabilities of India's Special Forces. In fact, IMI is yet to conclude a contract to supply Tavor 21 ARs for the Israeli Defence Forces, replacing the M16 ARs they now use.

As an additional boost to Indian capability, the United States has cleared the sale of three Israeli airborne early-warning and control (AEW&C) Phalcon systems to India for over $1 billion, and India have already received 2 of them in 2011.

Israel has equipped the IAF's Sukhoi-30k with avionics and weapon systems.

Military planners claim that India plans to supplement the Phalcon and Green Pine radar systems with around 150 Russian designed and developed Antey 2500 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) launchers costing around $2.5 billion.

One Antey battalion is an ABM module operating within an integrated, automated air defence system capable of simultaneously engaging up to eight intermediate range ballistic missiles or 16 tactical ballistic missiles fired from an optimum distance of 300 km or closer. The Antey, which can also be launched vertically, is likely to be deployed to defend key Indian cities like Delhi and Mumbai besides strategic and nuclear installations.

And, over the past two years India has awarded the Israeli firm Soltam a contract to upgrade 180 130 mm M-46 field guns to 155 mm/39 calibre and 155 mm/45 calibre at a cost of about $250,000 each. The Israeli firm will also provide India's Ordnance Factory Board kits to retrofit another 220-250 M-46 guns to equip some 25 artillery regiments. Under the Field Artillery Rationalisation Plan, the Army plans to standardise its wide range of artillery guns to 155 mm/45 calibre and 155 mm/52 calibre.

Israel also supplied around 40,000 rounds of 155 mm ammunition for around $1200 apiece and 30,000 rounds of 160 mm mortars for around $400 each during the Kargil war, while the Navy is arming its three locally designed "Delhi" class destroyers and INS Viraat, its lone aircraft carrier, with Israel Aircraft Industries' Barak-1 missiles. The Navy has also acquired three Super-Dvora Mk II fast attack craft for around $4.30 million. Israeli firms also revamped INS Viraat's electronic control systems four years ago for an undisclosed amount.

Israel has also provided avionics and weapon systems for 40 Russian Su-30 MkI multi-role fighters India bought in the mid-1990s in addition to being one of three vendors involved in upgrading 125 MiG 21 bis fighters which are now being retrofitted at Nashik with advanced avionics and weaponry.

Israel Aircraft Industries is also closing negotiations to upgrade MiG-27 Flogger attack aircraft, Jaguars and Sea Harriers. Imminent Israeli purchases include UAVs capable of operating at 11,000 to 15,000 feet and above, VHF radios and thermal imagers for the fire control system to upgrade around 600 Russian T-72 main battle tanks and hi-tech fencing for sensitive military bases in Kashmir. Israel is also likely to be involved in upgrading electronic systems for the Navy's planned purchase of the former Soviet aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov, which is being offered for the price of its refit, estimated at around $600-700 million.

In February 2006-Barak-NG medium shipborne air defense missile.

In July 2007 the counterpart MR-SAM project began moving forward, aiming to develop a medium range SAM for use with India’s land forces. Both missiles would now be called Barak-8.
India to Buy Israeli “SPYDER” Mobile Air Defense System. Short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems for its army, based on the Python and Derby air-to-air missiles in service with its air force and naval aircraft.


2. Is India buying israel's iron dome SAM system?

India is in talks to buy Israel's ground-based rocket and missile interceptor systems Iron Dome and David's Sling. David's Sling, designed to intercept medium-range missiles (70-240 kilometers range), is being developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. and Raytheon Company .

Negotiations between the Israeli and Indian governments on a deal for David's Sling had been going on for more than six months. Israel was open to sales of David's Sling, but that it would not transfer the system's technology as part of a deal.

Though India is developing its own missile interception system for short and medium range missiles (50-80 kilometer range), known as the PAD. However, this system cannot intercept low-flying cruise missiles.


3. Is india buying F-35 fighter for their armed forces?

At present India have no plans to buy F-35 though Lockheed martin have given presentation for F-35.


4. How many aircraft career will indian navy have three or six?

INS Vikrant - decommissioned (1957 - 1997)
INS Viraat - operational (1986 - present)
INS Vikramaditya - under construction
Vikrant class aircraft carrier - under construction
INS Vishal - planned


5. Does indian navy have any helicopter career?

No Indian Navy have no separate helicopter career as Japan or France.


6.How many years will india take to come up with DEW (directed energy weapon with laser system)?

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in India has been developing a series of directed energy weapons (DEW) to improve the country's anti-ballistic missile capability. The DEW is a sophisticated weapon capable of destroying a target by emitting and transferring the energy to a target in an aimed direction.

DRDO Laser Science and Technology Centre director Anil Kumar Maini said a DEW laser weapon could generate high-energy pulses of 25kW, capable enough to destroy a ballistic missile in its terminal phase within the range of 7km.

Hard to say when it will be operational , may b in 2025 or more.


7. Is indian navy technologically sounded in all aspects or better than chinese navy ?

Indian navy and Chinese navy have difference but looking present and future perspective of until 2015 , Indian navy lags behind Chinese counterparts.

Chinese Navy have more battle ships , destroyers than Indian Navy have. China have stealth navy boats , one of the kinds in the world. They have superior nuclear attack submarines which India dont have , also India is far behind in nuclear ballistic missile submarines. India posses none at present , India`s one and only nuclear submarine is still under trails and will take 2 more years to be fully operational. India have lead in aircraft carriers which china dont posses but china will roll out it within 2 years.

Looking quantity and quality Indian navy lags behind and cannot compete in open Naval war in deep see.

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