Chinese Navy's 052C missile destroyer
U.S. experts believe that in the foreseeable future, the United States will continue to be the world's number one naval power, but a new member of the Asia-Pacific region will enter the Navy country club, obviously squeezed European countries and Russia. Global naval activity center will eventually be the Atlantic to the Pacific. Since 2007, the U.S. Navy's Pacific fleet strength beyond the Atlantic Fleet for the first time in 60 years is a proof.
The main factors contribute to a similar change:
First, Asian countries, long-term stable economic growth, thus without prejudice to the economic development, vigorously develop its own military power;
Second , Asia-Pacific region focused on the global economic system is the most important trade channels, straits, ports, trade zone, as well as adequate human, financial, biological and mineral resources; whether other countries or non-international relations factors (piracy, terrorism, extremism, drug trafficking, illegal immigration) threat to the Asia-Pacific countries economic prosperity and national security interests continue to increase, thus determining the Navy must play a greater role in resolving a similar military and civilian tasks. Moreover, the Navy is still more and more frequently involved in the ward off disaster mitigation and rescue operations;
Third , Asia-Pacific countries decreased the formation of a regional security system in the history of trust. This system consists of the United States and its partner countries to conclude bilateral military political treaty protection. But after the war in Iraq, Afghanistan and the world economic crisis, the United States is trying to get rid of part of its obligations.
China will lead Asia-Pacific naval prosperity of road
Russian media said some experts believe that as a large country in East Asia, China will become the regional and world power, to become the new main rival in the United States. The unprecedented rapid growth in China's economy for nearly 30 years been able to pursue a more active foreign policy. China has over one billion people, many internal problems and contradictions, economic growth is actually a problem of existence. To ensure stable economic growth, will inevitably require more resources and trade routes security, which is what the Chinese leaders one of the reasons of increasing emphasis on ocean policy. In addition, in the eastern Pacific region, there are a large number of unresolved maritime border demarcation and economic resource development.
In the East China Sea between China and Japan, South Korea, there are a series of differences. Energy reserves in the East China Sea, estimated 7 trillion cubic meters of natural gas and 1,000 barrels of oil, the largest dispute the sovereignty of the Diaoyu Islands. In the fall of 2010, the Chinese fishermen and the Japan Coast Guard patrol boats near the Diaoyu Islands, the recurrence of conflict. In the South China Sea, China is also facing a territorial issue, the division in the exclusive economic zone and Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei, and the contradictions on the Spratly Islands and Paracel Islands attribution. However, China's strategic interests to seek resources and trade routes far beyond the eastern Pacific, China has been trying to consolidate its presence in critical regions of Africa, Asia, South America, while actively developing the traditional Friends of Myanmar, Pakistan, Iran and other among the long-term economic, military and political cooperation.
Russian media said that for China, the economic interests of the more critical, but the military and political factors are equally important. China has been very actively growing naval power, or constitute a more realistic threat to China's national interests because of the Taiwan issue and the powerful military superiority of the United States in East Asia. Chinese naval strategy attaches great importance to the U.S. island chain blockade theory, and its essence is the U.S. Navy aimed at curbing the system of fortifications in the eastern Pacific to build. The first island chain, including Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan and the Philippines; the second island chain north from the Japanese Islands to the south from the Ogasawara Islands and the Marshall Islands; third chain of islands around the Hawaiian Islands, is the strategic rear area of the United States. Three island chains are the United States to contain China, to limit the tools of strategic maneuvering space. The last 20 years, the development and growth of the Chinese Navy is mainly due to non-symmetric against the U.S. military, to prevent Taiwan independence, to prevent U.S. military intervention in the strategic needs of the Taiwan Strait affairs.
U.S. experts used to think that the Chinese Navy's submarine force and shore-based anti-ship missiles for the U.S. military's increasing danger, but the Chinese Navy also exists a lack of strategic weakness of the combat effectiveness of carrier and amphibious landing force. However, from the end of last century, this situation began to change. In 2010-2020, the Chinese, there might be a real threat to U.S. troops in the eastern Pacific. In 2006, China announced that he had become a sea power, we must build a powerful ocean-going fleet, this statement then reflected in the 2008 defense white paper. 2006 2 ton 071 dock landing the bow of the ship into the water, becoming the first ship in the true sense of helicopter dock landing ship. 2010 The first ship-volume type 071 dock landing ship into the water. China plans to build a total of six similar warships. The Chinese navy is equipped with a 1.4-ton 920 medical ship. Another rumor said that China plans to build six common use of the overall flight deck landing ship. Of course, the Chinese navy, the more complex and more important task is the construction of the true sense of the carrier. Since 1985, China has been Australia, "Melbourne", the former Soviet Union "Kiev", the "Minsk" and "Kuznetsov grid" four second-hand aircraft carrier Varyag in Dalian shipyard conversion The trial has begun service in 2015. China plans the construction of two 5-6 million tons of new non-nuclear aircraft carriers, independent in 2020 after the start of construction of domestic nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. The development of the Chinese Navy carrier-based aviation equipment is also worth special attention. Future Chinese aircraft carrier with the carrier-based fighter was originally planned for the Russian Su-33 fighters, but the Sino-Russian Su-33 supply issues on the breakdown of negotiations, China and then independently developed domestic carrier-based fighter F -15. It is actually Su-33, more accurate, is procured from Ukraine Su-33 demonstrator T-10K-7 imitation. Although China's military leaders claimed that the F -15 level playing field with other modern carrier-based fighter, but Pogosyan, Sukhoi Company CEO in 2010, F -15 in many of the indicators are inferior to the Su-33, the two can not be compared . In addition, China is still the Russian card -31 on the basis of development of domestic direct -8 carrier-based early warning helicopters, while also actively developed in many ways with the U.S. E-2 Hawkeye "similar to the domestic ship-borne early warning aircraft. It is an important condition for China's aircraft carrier battle groups to form a stable 'combat effectiveness, once successful, will make the vision of the aircraft carrier battle group of extended hundreds of kilometers.
Russian media said that in addition to the development of aircraft carriers and amphibious landing force, the Chinese still continue to improve the submarine, surface forces and coastal defense missile units, as a program to effectively deal with the U.S. Navy's Pacific forces. Not auxiliary vessels and small vessels, Chinese navy now there are about 200 main warships, but most of these main warships old, combat effectiveness is limited. However, the Chinese navy has a very modern surface warships and submarines, both from Russia, but also made. U.S. Department of Defense once believed that the Chinese navy modernization equipment level is low, 25%, the ratio of surface warships and submarines for 55%. Is not the case, and many of the Chinese navy modernization of ships. At least two relatively new in the six "business" class nuclear submarine; 29 is more advanced in the 54 conventional submarines, including the Russian "Kilo" class and the Chinese "Song" class, "class submarines; at 25 13 destroyers, including Russia "modern" class and Chinese-made Brigade Shanghai "class," Sea Journey "class," Ocean Journey "class," Ocean Journey II "class trip Chau level. In addition there are over 60 vessels (data Hou North about 80) Type 022 class missile boats, two 071-type helicopter dock landing ship. In short, the data of the proportion of China's naval modernization surface warships than Pentagon estimates much higher.
At the same time, China is also actively develop civilian shipbuilding. In 2015, China is bound to overtake South Korea, the world's top shipbuilding country. China in the field of military shipbuilding dependence on foreign products has been steadily reduced. Moreover, China has become a major exporter of naval weapons and equipment, the Royal Malaysian Navy is very interested in the introduction of China's 071-based dock landing ship. China plans to spend $ 24 billion in the next 20 years the construction of 113 warships.